Water additive used to control microbes
The Safe Drinking Water Act regulations allow monitoring waivers to reduce
or eliminate the monitoring requirements for asbestos, volatile organic
chemicals and synthetic organic chemicals. Our system received a monitoring
waiver for synthetic organic chemicals.
For additional information:
If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water
utility, please contact Michael Sedlak at
732-349-6425. We want our valued customers to be informed about their
water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly
scheduled Borough Council meetings at Borough Hall, 599 Pennsylvania
Avenue. Meetings are held on the second Wednesday of each month at 7:30
Potential sources of
The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include
rivers, lakes, streams, ponds reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water
travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves
naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and
can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human
Contaminants that may be present in source water include:
contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage
treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations, and
contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally occurring or
result from urban storm water runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater
discharges, oil and gas projection, mining, or farming.
herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture,
urban storm water runoff, and residential uses.
contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are
byproducts of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can, also
come from gas stations, urban storm water runoff, and septic systems.
Contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and
gas production and mining activities.
to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations which
limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water
systems. Food and Drug Administration regulations establish limits for
contaminants in bottled water, which must provide the same protection for
Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be
expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The
presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses
a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health
effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's
Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.
In the “Table of Detections” you may
find some terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with. To help
you better understand these terms we've provided the following definitions:
(ND) - laboratory analysis
indicates that the constituent is not present.
Parts per million
(ppm) - one part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a
single penny in $10,000.
Parts per billion
(ppb) - one part per billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a
single penny in $10,000,000.
Picocuries per liter
(pCi/L) - picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water.
- the concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment
or other requirements which a water system must follow.
Maximum Contaminant Level
- The "Maximum Allowed" (MCL) is the highest level of a contaminant that is
allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible
using the best available treatment technology.
Maximum Contaminant Level Goal
-The "Goal"(MCLG) is the level of a contaminant in drinking water below
which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a
margin of safety.
Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL) - The
highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is
convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control
of microbial contaminants.
Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG) -
The level of a drinking water disinfectant, below which there is no known or
expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of
disinfectants to control microbial contamination.
Sources of Lead in Drinking Water
The Pine Beach Water Department is responsible for providing
high quality drinking water but cannot control the variety of materials used
in plumbing components. Although most lead exposure occurs from inhaling
dust or from contaminated soil, or when children eat paint chips, the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) estimates that 10 to 20 percent of
human exposure to lead may come from lead in drinking water. Infants who
consume mostly mixed formula can receive 40 percent to 60 percent of their
exposure to lead from drinking water. Lead is rarely found in the source of
your drinking water but enters tap water through corrosion, or wearing away,
of materials containing lead in the water distribution system and household
plumbing materials. These materials include lead-based solder used to join
copper pipes, brass, and chrome-brass faucets, and in some cases, service
lines made of or lined with lead. New brass faucets, fittings, and valves,
including those advertised as “lead-free”, may still contain a small
percentage of lead, and contribute lead to drinking water. The law currently
allows end-use brass fixtures, such as faucets, with up to 0.25 percent lead
to be labeled as “lead free”. However, prior to January 4, 2014, “lead free”
allowed up to 8 percent lead content of the wetted surfaces of plumbing
products including those labeled National Sanitation Foundation (NSF)
certified. Visit the NSF website at www.nsf.org to learn more about
lead-containing plumbing fixtures. Consumers should be aware of this when
choosing fixtures and take appropriate precautions. When water stands in
lead service lines, lead pipes, or plumbing systems containing lead for
several hours or more, the lead may dissolve into your drinking water. This
means the first water drawn from the tap in the morning, or later in the
afternoon if the water has not been used all day, can contain fairly high
levels of lead.
Steps You Can Take to Reduce Exposure to Lead in
For a full list of steps visit:
Run the cold water to flush out lead.
Let the water run from the tap before using it for drinking or cooking any
time the water in the faucet has gone unused for more than six hours. The
longer the water resides in plumbing the more lead it may contain. Flushing
the tap means running the cold-water faucet. Let the water run from the
cold-water tap based on the length of the lead service line and the plumbing
configuration in your home. In other words, the larger the home or building
and the greater the distance to the water main (in the street), the more
water it will take to flush properly. Although toilet flushing or showering
flushes water through a portion of the plumbing system, you still need to
flush the water in each faucet before using it for drinking or cooking.
Flushing tap water is a simple and inexpensive measure you can take to
protect your health. It usually uses less than one gallon of water.
Use cold, flushed water for cooking and preparing baby
formula. Because lead from lead-containing
plumbing materials and pipes can dissolve into hot water more easily than
cold water, never drink, cook, or prepare beverages including baby formula
using hot water from the tap. If you have not had your water sampled or if
you know, it is recommended that bottled or filtered water be used for
drinking and preparing baby formula. If you need hot water, draw water from
the cold tap and then heat it.
Do not boil water to remove lead.
Boiling water will not reduce lead; however,
it is still safe to wash dishes and do laundry. Lead will not soak into
dishware or most clothes.
Use alternative sources or treatment of water.
You may want to consider purchasing bottled water or a water
filter. Read the package to be sure the filter is approved to reduce lead or
contact NSF International at 800-NSF-8010 or
www.nsf.org for information on performance
standards for water filters.
Determine if you have interior lead plumbing or solder.
If your home/building was constructed prior to
1987, it is important to determine if interior lead solder or lead pipes are
present. You can check yourself, hire a licensed plumber, or check with your
Replace plumbing fixtures and service lines containing
lead. Replace brass faucets, fittings, and valves
that do not meet the current definition of “lead free” from 2014 (as
explained above). Visit the NSF website at
to learn more about lead-containing plumbing fixtures.
Remove and clean aerators/screens on plumbing fixtures.
Over time, particles and sediment can collect in
the aerator screen. Regularly remove and clean aerators screens located at
the tip of faucets and remove any particles.
Test your water for lead.
Please call Michael Sedlak
to find out how to get your water tested for
lead. Testing is essential because you cannot see, taste, or smell lead in
Get your child tested. Contact
your local health department or healthcare provider to find out how you can
get your child tested for lead if you are concerned about lead exposure.
New Jersey law requires that children be tested for lead in their blood at
both 1 and 2 years of age and before they are 6 years old if they have never
been tested before or if they have been exposed to a known source of lead.
Have an electrician check your wiring.
If grounding wires from the electrical system are attached to your pipes,
corrosion may be greater. Check with a licensed electrician or your local
electrical code to determine if your wiring can be grounded elsewhere. DO
NOT attempt to change the wiring yourself because improper grounding can
cause electrical shock and fire hazards.
Water softeners and reverse
will remove lead from water but can also make the water more corrosive to
lead solder and plumbing by removing certain minerals; therefore, the
installation of these treatment units at the point of entry into homes with
lead plumbing should only be done under supervision of a qualified water
Health Effects of Lead
Lead can cause serious health problems if too much enters
your body from drinking water or other sources. It can cause damage to the
brain and kidneys and can interfere with the production of red blood cells
that carry oxygen to all parts of your body. The greatest risk of lead
exposure is to infants, young children, and pregnant women. Scientists have
linked the effects of lead on the brain with lowered IQ in children. Adults
with kidney problems and high blood pressure can be affected by low levels
of lead more than healthy adults. Lead is stored in the bones, and it can be
released later in life. During pregnancy, the child receives lead from the
mother’s bones, which may affect brain development. Contact your local
health department or healthcare provider to find out how you can get your
child tested for lead if you are concerned about lead exposure. You can find
out more about how to get your child tested and how to pay for it at